Changes in Sports Activity After Periacetabular Osteotomy: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis
Leopold et al 2023
Patients undergoing periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) for symptomatic developmental dysplasia of the hip are usually young and active with high functional demands. Those who participate in sports seek surgical therapy to resume or maintain sports activities. There is little evidence regarding the postoperative level of activity and the extent to which sports activity changes after PAO both qualitatively and quantitatively.
The aim of this study was to determine the change in activity level as measured using the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) activity score and the changes in qualitative and quantitative sports activity.
Case series; Level of evidence, 4.
This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 123 hips in 111 patients who underwent PAO for developmental dysplasia of the hip between January 2015 and June 2017. UCLA activity score, International Hip Outcome Tool 12, and Subjective Hip Value, as well as practiced sports, frequency and duration of sports activity, and time to return to sports, were assessed. Eventual changes in practiced sports and reasons for those changes were recorded.
Of the participating patients, 85% were female and 15% were male. The mean patient age at the time of surgery was 27.7 ± 7.3 years. Mean follow-up was 63 ± 10 months. UCLA score (5.08 ± 2.44 vs 6.95 ± 1.74; P < .001), International Hip Outcome Tool 12 (41.4 ± 22.2 vs 72.6 ± 22.9; P < .001), and Subjective Hip Value (42.8 ± 24.3 vs 80.4 ± 17.8; P < .001) increased significantly from pre- to postoperatively. Significantly more patients participated in low-impact sports postoperatively (31.7% vs 52%; P = .001). Participation in high-impact sports decreased (42.3% vs 36.6%; P = .361). The overall sports activity rate increased significantly (78.8% vs 90.8%; P = .008). Quantitatively, sports frequency in times per week (P < .001) as well as length of exercise per time (P = .007) increased significantly. A total of 52 patients (42%) changed sports activities postoperatively. Of these, 35 (28.4%) reported having stopped previously practiced sports after surgery, while 17 (13.8%) reported having started new sports. Reasons for starting and stopping certain sports varied and included hip- and non–hip related ones. In only 2 cases was physician’s advice given as a reason for changing the sport.
Patients can improve their sports activity both qualitatively and quantitatively after PAO. However, a relevant proportion of patients adjusts their sports activities for a variety of hip-related and non–hip related reasons.
Football Players With Hip Dysplasia: The Relationship Between Muscle Strength, Functional Performance, Self-reported Sport and Recreation, Cartilage Defects, and Sex. A Cross-sectional Study. O'Brien 2023
In symptomatic football players with hip dysplasia, we aimed to explore the relationships between self-reported sport and recreation ability and (1) hip muscle strength, (2) functional performance, and investigate if these relationships were modified by sex or cartilage defects.
METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, football players (n = 50) with longstanding (>6 months) hip and/or groin pain, a positive flexion/adduction/internal rotation test, and a lateral-center-edge angle <25° were included. Hip muscle strength and functional performance were assessed. Self-reported sport and recreation ability was quantified using the sports and recreational subscales from the International Hip Outcome Tool-33 (iHOT-Sport) and the Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS-Sport). Relationships were evaluated using regression models with sex and cartilage defects as potential effect modifiers.
RESULTS: There was a positive linear relationship between the one-leg-rise test and the iHOT-Sport subscale (β = 0.61; 95% CI: 0.09, 1.14). A polynomial (concave) relationship was found between peak eccentric adduction strength and the HAGOS-Sport subscale (β = −30.88; 95% CI: −57.78, −3.99). Cartilage defects modified the relationship between peak isometric adduction strength and HAGOS-Sport, with those with cartilage defects having a polynomial (convex) relationship (β = 36.59; 95% CI: 12.74, 60.45), and those without cartilage defects having no relationship.
Conclusion: Football Players With Hip Dysplasia: The Relationship Between Muscle Strength, Functional Performance, Self-reported Sport and Recreation, Cartilage Defects, and Sex. A Cross-sectional Study
This week we have been reading an interesting journal in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage by Vafaeian et al, 2017. It is titled: Finite element analysis of mechanical behaviour of human dysplastic hip joints: a systematic review.
This systematic review highlights a few key facts:
A paper by Saberi-Hosnijeh et al, 2016 looking at acetabular dysplasia and cam deformity as risk factors for developing hip osteoarthritis has highlighted the following: